Peanuts are lovely to taste and eat but when they are not they are the worst night mare. Any allergy caused is due to wrong perception by body for that substance. In the same way when the body mistakenly identifies peanuts as harmful substance a reaction occurs. The immune system is the body’s natural defense system and it overreacts and release chemicals in to the blood when a peanut enters. Chemicals containing histamine affects different tissues of body such as skin, eye nose etc.
What causes Peanut Allergy?
Why most people are allergic to peanuts is still a myth but several researches has been done. According to many researchers, peanuts contain several proteins which are not found in daily food, and these proteins stimulates a strong immune response. Reactions triggered by peanuts can be caused due to direct contact with or even accidentally come in contact with any food containing peanuts particles. For some people even inhaling dust or steam with peanuts traces is more than enough to cause a reaction.
Symptoms of Peanut Allergy
Peanuts allergy is common especially in children and symptoms include minor irritation to a life threatening reactions (anaphylaxis) and kicks within couple of minutes. Anaphylaxis is a life threatening reaction which can start in couple of minutes and can cause death. This allergic reaction of peanuts releases thousands of chemicals in blood stream and causes low blood pressure, reduced breathing and the person can go into shock or become unconscious.
Anaphylaxis require immediate doctor’s attention and an injection of epinephrine. Symptoms include stomachache, runny nose, itchy skin rash, hives and even diarrhea, vomiting and belly pain. Some of the scientist theory states that 8 out of 10 kids have reaction the first time they eat peanuts which shows that previously they had indirect contact with peanuts, possibly in the womb or through breast milk. Scientist also think that due to absence of Vitamin-D in kids who spend less time outside have their immune system weak and hence causes immune system to misidentify peanuts as good substance.
To avoid such triggers one can only prepare himself, by keeping a doctors recommended first aid kit and to read the ingredients of any outside side food before eating.